Howard Penny has been a member of the Chamber Orchestra of Europe since 1989. He graduated from the Vienna Music University where he studied with Tobias Kühne. He had Masterclasses with Andre Navarra, Boris Pergamenshikov and William Pleeth. Howard became Principal Cello of the Vienna Chamber Orchestra in 1985. He has performed concertos in Vienna, Berlin, Tokyo, Australia and at the Casals Festival in Prades and, as a member of the Beethoven Trio in Vienna, he appeared regularly at major concert halls and festivals throughout Europe, the USA and Japan. His recordings include works for solo cello, the complete trios of Mendelssohn and Mozart, as well as trios by Beethoven and a live recording of Beethoven's Triple Concerto with the Vienna Chamber Orchestra. A lecturer in historically informed performance practice for 10 years at the University Mozarteum in Salzburg, he was musical co-director of two Mozart operas for the Salzburg Festival complete cycle in 2006. Now resident in Melbourne he is Head of Strings at the Australian National Academy of Music, and directs his own chamber music festival, the Sanguine Estate Music Festival.